Does it have to be ceramic tile?
The Johnsonite Company is (so far as I know), the largest manufacturer of synthetic rubber flooring in North America and probably the whole world. They make all kinds of both conventional and specialty rubber flooring (such as oil resistant flooring, non-slip, anti-static, shock absorbing, cut and puncture resistant, etc.).
Johnsonite makes a synthetic rubber floor tile called "Safe-T-Stride" specifically for areas where the floors can often be wet, such as in meat rendering plants or around swimming pools. They also make a sheet vinyl type material called "Safe-T Sheet" that comes with optional aluminum granules embedded in it (like raisins in raisin bread) that provide a highly non-slip surface to walk on.
Close-up of Safe-T-Stride synthetic rubber floor tiles.
Safe-T-Stride synthetic rubber floor tiles installed around an indoor pool.
In the picture above, the rubber flooring looks like hard plastic, but in reality it resembles car tire rubber more than anything else (except in colour). I have Johnsonite synthetic rubber stair treads in both the front and back stairwells of my building. I've found it to be a super durable material. You can put a lit cigarette out on it without harming it. If you do that, you will end up with a black mark on the rubber, but that mark can be easily removed with a bit of paint thinner. You cannot damage this flooring unintentionally. You can only damage it intentionally with a torch or razor. I don't know of any chemical that will harm it.
If you're interested in using synthetic rubber flooring instead of ceramic tiles, you can contact Johnsonite at 1-800-899-8916.