Yes, first check the connection at the disposal. Remove the drain hose and look into the nipple with a flash light. It may be partially clogged, or it might have a knock-out that didn't get all the way knocked-out.
This happened to me after I installed my new dishwasher. When it drained, I would hear a rather loud sound coming from the sink drain...like pressurized water entering the disposal. I just thought that's how those things worked, since I never had a DW before. But, as soon as the DW started not draining completely, I knew there was a problem. Once I realized the drain line was clear, I looked at the connection with the disposal. The old DW was hooked up to this same inlet, so I assumed it was OK when I installed the new DW. Turns out, there was a plastic knock-out in there (in case you don't have a DW) that was only partially knocked-out. In fact, it looked like the previous owner/installer just punched a hole in it with a screwdriver and called it good! Needless to say, it was clogged with food and stuff. I popped the knock-out all the way out, and it has been working 100% since, without the high-pressure water sound!